Check method call arguments in blocks with RSpec

RSpec's ╩╗expect (foo) .to receive (: bar) .with (...) `checks arguments [in several ways](https://relishapp.com/rspec/rspec-mocks/ v / 3-9 / docs / setting-constraints / matching-arguments), but there are quite a few cases where you want to verify with blocks.

You can pass a matcher to with, so you can define a custom matcher. In the example below, only a specific attribute of Struct is verified.

RSpec::Matchers.define :a_valid_argument do
  match {|actual| block_arg.call(actual) }
end

it "should call with valid argument" do
  jon = Struct.new(:name).new("Jon")

  expect($stdout).to receive(:write).with(
    a_valid_argument {|a| a.name == "Jon" },
  )

  $stdout.write(jon)
end

Note that argument verification by with is performed for each argument, so in the case of a method that takes multiple arguments, it is necessary to pass matcher for each argument.

it "should call with valid arguments" do
  jon = Struct.new(:name).new("Jon")
  dany = Struct.new(:name).new("Dany")

  expect($stdout).to receive(:write).with(
    a_valid_argument {|a| a.name == "Jon" },
    a_valid_argument {|a| a.name == "Dany" },
  )

  $stdout.write(jon, dany)
end

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