[JAVA] Just input and output images with Spring MVC


Created as a sample because there was a request to upload an image using SpringMVC and output it. It's just a sample level, so I'm ignoring Validation and not checking the extension. I can upload images, but I haven't saved them. For those who want to do it for the time being.

Execution environment

The execution environment is as follows

name Version etc.
IDE sts-4.0.1.RELEASE
Java Java1.8
SpringFrameworkBoot 2.1.9
SpringDependencyManagement 1.0.8

Flow of operation

The sample to be created can be classified as follows (excluding the FirstApplication class)

① HTML for uploading images ② Form to store image data ③ Controller for passing image data ④ HTML to display the uploaded image

Actual code

Html corresponding to ①


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">

    <meta charset="UTF-8" />

    <!--Note that if you do not set enctype in form, the contents of the image will not be sent.-->
    <form th:action="@{/upload}" th:object="${imageForm}" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
Select files:<input type="file" th:field="*{image}" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" />


The point is `ʻenc type =" multipart / form-data "`` Without this, the controller will not be able to receive the data inside (only the file name will be received)

Form corresponding to ②


package com.practice.demo_spring.web;

import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;

public class ImageForm {

	private MultipartFile image;

	public MultipartFile getImage() {
		return image;

	public void setImage(MultipartFile image) {
		this.image = image;


A form class that never happens.

Controller corresponding to ③


package com.practice.demo_spring.web;

import org.apache.tomcat.util.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ModelAttribute;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

public class UploadController {
	public ImageForm setForm() {
		return new ImageForm();
	 *First localhost:8080/upload with first.Set to access html
	 * @return upload.html
	public String first() {
		return "upload";
	 *Get the uploaded image data and encode it with base64
	 *Change the encoded one to a string(At the same time, specify the extension as jpeg here.)And pass it to the next html
	 * @param imageForm Uploaded data
	 * @param model
	 * @return
	 * @throws Exception
	public String upload(ImageForm imageForm, Model model) throws Exception {
		StringBuffer data = new StringBuffer();
		String base64 = new String(Base64.encodeBase64(imageForm.getImage().getBytes()),"ASCII");
		return "express";


As a process, (1) Get the image data stored in imageForm and make it an array of bytes ② Encode it to base64 and change it to String type ③ Combine the previously changed String with "data: image / jpeg; base64," to make it a form that can be specified with <img ht: src = "">. Following the above flow

Html corresponding to ④


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
The image is<img th:src="${base64image}"/>is

Here, the character string received from the controller class is specified in src and displayed.


Go to https: // localhost: 8080 / first 2019-10-17_10h42_20.png

Select image data appropriately 2019-10-17_11h00_26.png

By pressing the send button, the uploaded image will be displayed. 2019-10-17_11h01_09.png

For the time being, I created only a sample. After that, please add a check or some function as you like.

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