Run VS Code on Docker


Create a Docker container to run VS Code for use as a development environment. It will be executed as follows.

--VSCode starts as a GUI app when you start the container --The user who starts VS Code is specified when creating the container.



It is assumed that the container image is created based on the article Running GUI application on Docker container (Japanese input).

Creating a Docker image


FROM sabocla6/ubuntu_ui_jp

# ***********************************************
# install packages for xrdp, and do setting
# ***********************************************
RUN apt-get update && \
    DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y \
        gnupg firefox supervisor

# ***********************************************
# prepare add user
# ***********************************************
RUN chmod u+s /usr/sbin/useradd \
    && chmod u+s /usr/sbin/groupadd \
    && chmod u+s /usr/sbin/chpasswd

COPY /usr/local/bin/
RUN echo "ALL ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL" >> /etc/sudoers.d/ALL

# ***********************************************
# install vscode
# ***********************************************
ADD /tmp/code.deb
RUN dpkg -i /tmp/code.deb

# ***********************************************
# copy entrypoint shell
# ***********************************************
COPY /usr/local/bin/
RUN chmod +x /usr/local/bin/

#!/bin/bash -e

USER_ID=$(id -u)
GROUP_ID=$(id -g)


# Add group
echo ""
if [[ $GROUP_ID != "0" && ! $(getent group $GROUP) ]]; then
    echo "Create New Group GROUP_ID: $GROUP_ID GROUP: $GROUP"
    groupadd -g $GROUP_ID $GROUP

# Add user
if [[ $USER_ID != "0" && ! $(getent passwd $USER) ]]; then
    echo "Create New User USER_ID: $USER_ID USER: $USER"
    export HOME=/home/$USER
    useradd -d ${HOME} -m -s /bin/bash -u $USER_ID -g $GROUP_ID -G 27 $USER

# Set login user name
echo "USER: $USER"

# Set login password
echo ${USER}:${PASSWD} | sudo chpasswd

# Revert permissions
sudo chmod u-s /usr/sbin/useradd
sudo chmod u-s /usr/sbin/groupadd
sudo chmod u-s /usr/sbin/chpasswd

unset PASSWD
if [[ "$@" = "" ]]; then
    exec /bin/bash
    exec "$@"

Build container image

sudo docker build ./ -t sabocl6/vscode

Start Docker container

Since there are many options that must be specified, start using docker-compose.


version: "3.3"
    image: sabocla6/vscode
      - $HOME/.Xauthority:/root/.Xauthority
    user: "1000:1000"
    shm_size: '2G'
    network_mode: "host"
    privileged: true
      USER: sabocla6
      PASSWD: passwd
    command: code -w

Start command

sudo docker-compose up

Related article

Run GUI application on Docker container (Japanese input) Run GUI application on Docker container

Reference article

For user creation, refer to Building a desktop environment where uid/gid can be specified and sudo can be used with Docker (XRDP).

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