1. Conclusion </ b>
2. What is Basic authentication? </ B>
3. How to introduce Basic authentication </ b>
4. Development environment </ b>
Set the environment variable with the authenticate_or_request_with_http_basic method, set it with vim ~ / .zshrc, and then set the environment variable again in the terminal </ b>!
❶ Use the authenticate_or_request_with_http_basic method (which is a Rails method) and set the username / password. I try to do it in advance with before_action. Since it is an environment variable, "@@@@" "~~~~" (divided into @@@@ and ~~~~ to avoid the meaning of the same name) is not the contents of the user name / password but the contents. Give it a name to put it in. If you want to check the operation, enter your favorite number characters in the "@@@@" part instead of the name, and it will be reflected immediately when you do rails s!
before_action:basic def basic authenticate_or_request_with_http_basic do |username, password| username == ENV["@@@@"] && password == ENV["~~~~"] end end
❷ After entering "vim ~ / .zshrc" in the terminal, enter the contents of the user name / password based on the name given in ❶. If you write the contents in ❶, the user name / password will be exposed on Github, so you will be disclosing the password to someone who has this knowledge. "****" and "XXXX" are separated for convenience not to be combined.
#For macOS Catalina $ vim ~/.zshrc #Press "i" in half-width alphanumeric characters to enter insert mode $ export @@@@='****' #"@@@@"Is set in ❶"****"Is your favorite username $ export ~~~~='XXXX' #"@@@@"Is set in ❶"XXXX"Is your favorite password name #In half-width alphanumeric characters:Press "wq" to finish $source ~/.zshrc #If you do not do this, it will not be reflected.
❸ When deploying, set environment variables at the deployment destination. This time it's Heroku. You can check if it is set in $ heoku config.
% heroku config:set @@@@="****" % heroku config:set ~~~~="XXXX" #Completed setting environment variables on heroku #Then commit to github. Then push it to heroku with a command. % git push heroku master
macOS Catalina 10.15.4
Visual Studio Code 1.49.2