[JAVA] I tried to verify this and that of Spring @ Transactional

@Transactional in spring is a convenient annotation that automatically rolls back when an exception occurs. However, (I) don't check the rollback in unit tests, and sometimes I'm worried whether it really works.

So I tried to verify the movement of @Transactional in various ways.

** Confirmation environment ** JDK 1.8.0 Spring Boot 2.0.5.RELEASE Doma2.0

@Transactional will not work unless you attach it to a method called directly from the DI class

Verification procedure

  1. Call method A in the service that is DI from the controller.
  2. Call method B with @Transactional from method A.
  3. Raise an exception immediately after inserting a record into the DB with method B.

verification code

controller


public class TestController {

    @Autowired
    TestService testService;

    @PostMapping("/post")
    public void postTest() {
        testService.insertMethodA();
    }
}

service


@Service
public class TestService {

    @Autowired
    ItemDao itemDao;

    public void insertMethodA() {
        insertMethodB();
    }

    @Transactional
    public void insertMethodB() {

        //Insert record ready
        Item item = new Item();
        item.setItemCd("1");
        item.setItemName("hoge");
        item.setSellFlg("0");

        //Record insertion
        itemDao.insert(item);

        //Exception occurred
        throw new RuntimeException();
    }
}

Execution result

It has been inserted without being rolled back.

mysql> select * from item;
+---------+-----------+----------+
| ITEM_CD | ITEM_NAME | SELL_FLG |
+---------+-----------+----------+
| 1       | hoge      | 0        |
+---------+-----------+----------+

Code fix

Add @Transactional to method A.


    @Transactional
    public void insertMethodA() {
        insertMethodB();
    }

    public void insertMethodB() {

        //Insert record ready
        Item item = new Item();
        item.setItemCd("1");
        item.setItemName("hoge");
        item.setSellFlg("0");

        //Record insertion
        itemDao.insert(item);

        //Exception occurred
        throw new RuntimeException();
    }

Execution result

mysql> select * from item;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

It was rolled back. Yes ok ~.

If you add @Transactinal to a class, it will be attached to all methods in the class.

Adding @Transactional to a class implicitly adds @Transactional to all methods in the class.

Verification procedure

  1. Add @Transactional to the service class
  2. Call method A from the controller without @Transactional

verification code

The controller is the same as the one above (call method A from the service class).

service


@Service
@Transactional
public class TestService {

    @Autowired
    ItemDao itemDao;

    public void insertMethodA() {
        insertMethodB();
    }

    public void insertMethodB() {

        //Insert record ready
        Item item = new Item();
        item.setItemCd("1");
        item.setItemName("hoge");
        item.setSellFlg("0");

        //Record insertion
        itemDao.insert(item);

        //Exception occurred
        throw new RuntimeException();
    }
}

Execution result

It has been rolled back. Calling method B from the controller was also rolled back.

mysql> select * from item;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

An exception is thrown when trying to manipulate a record with the readonly attribute set to true

@Transactinal has an attribute called readonly, and if you set it to true, it will throw an exception when the record operation process runs.

verification code

The controller used above.

service


@Service
public class TestService {

    @Autowired
    ItemDao itemDao;

    @Transactional(readOnly = true)
    public void insertMethodA() {
        insertMethodB();
    }

    public void insertMethodB() {

        //Insert record ready
        Item item = new Item();
        item.setItemCd("1");
        item.setItemName("hoge");
        item.setSellFlg("0");

        //Record insertion
        itemDao.insert(item);
    }
}

Execution result

java.sql.SQLException: Connection is read-only. Queries leading to data modification are not allowed

It is better to set it as an acquisition service that is not supposed to be updated.

You can set a rollback target occurrence exception with the rollbackFor attribute

By default, the rolledback exceptions are RuntimeException and its subclasses. The rollbackFor attribute changes the exception class set in the value and its subclass to the raised exception to be rolled back.

verification code

Raises a ╩╗Exceptionexception in the default state withoutrollbackFor`.

@Service
public class TestService {

    @Autowired
    ItemDao itemDao;

    @Transactional
    public void insertMethodA() throws Exception{
        insertMethodB();
    }

    public void insertMethodB() throws Exception{

        //Insert record ready
        Item item = new Item();
        item.setItemCd("1");
        item.setItemName("hoge");
        item.setSellFlg("0");

        //Record insertion
        itemDao.insert(item);

        //Exception occurred
        throw new Exception();
    }
}

Execution result

It will not be rolled back.

mysql> select * from item;
+---------+-----------+----------+
| ITEM_CD | ITEM_NAME | SELL_FLG |
+---------+-----------+----------+
| 1       | hoge      | 0        |
+---------+-----------+----------+

Code change

Set rollbackFor to ╩╗Exception.class`.


    @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public void insertMethodA() throws Exception{
        insertMethodB();
    }

Execution result (after change)

It is now rolled back.

mysql> select * from item;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

@Transactional attached to the outer class does not apply to the inner class

Since @Transactional attached to the outer class does not apply to the inner class, it is necessary to attach it to the inner class separately. Be careful when hierarchizing test classes using inner classes in Junit.

verification code

controller

public class TestController {

    @Autowired
    TestService testService;

    @Autowired
    TestService.TestInnerService testInnerService;

    @PostMapping("/post")
    public void postTest() throws Exception{
       testInnerService.insertMethodA();
    }
}

service


@Service
@Transactional
public class TestService {

    @Autowired
    ItemDao itemDao;

    @Service
    public class TestInnerService{

        public void insertMethodA() throws Exception{
            insertMethodB();
        }

        public void insertMethodB(){

            //Insert record ready
            Item item = new Item();
            item.setItemCd("1");
            item.setItemName("hoge");
            item.setSellFlg("0");

            //Record insertion
            itemDao.insert(item);

            //Exception occurred
            throw new RuntimeException();
        }
    }
}

Execution result

Not rolled back.

mysql> select * from item;
+---------+-----------+----------+
| ITEM_CD | ITEM_NAME | SELL_FLG |
+---------+-----------+----------+
| 1       | hoge      | 0        |
+---------+-----------+----------+

Code change

Add @Transactinal to the inner class.


    @Service
    @Transactional
    public class TestInnerService{

Execution result (after change)

It was rolled back.

mysql> select * from item;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

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