Generate CloudStack API URL in Java

Code to generate CloudStack API URL in Java

Since I want to use it from Android, Base64.encodeBase64String (); is not used. Since I am studying, I will write the output code for confirmation as it is, and I hope that it will be useful for those who are studying like myself.

import java.util.TreeMap;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import javax.crypto.Mac;
import android.util.Base64;  //← Use this when using from Android
//import java.util.Base64;← Use this when using from normal Java

public static void main(String[] args) throws UnsupportedEncodingException, NoSuchAlgorithmException, InvalidKeyException {
        String queryString = "";
        String host = "http://<yourCloudStackHost>/client/api";
     String apiUrl = "";
        String apiKey = "yourApiKey";
        Key secKey = new SecretKeySpec("yourSecretKey".getBytes(),"HmacSHA1");
        TreeMap<String,String> params = new TreeMap<>();
        for(String key:params.keySet()){
                queryString = key + "=" + params.get(key);
                queryString = queryString + "&" + key + "=" + params.get(key);
            //System.out.println(key + "=" + params.get(key));
        String queryStringLow = queryString.toLowerCase();
        //Hash with HMAC SHA1 using secret key
        Mac mac = Mac.getInstance("HmacSHA1");
        byte[] digest = mac.doFinal(queryStringLow.getBytes());

        //BASE64 encoding
        String b64 = Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(digest);

        //URL encoding
        String signature = URLEncoder.encode(b64);
        signature = signature.replaceAll("%0A",""); //Line feed code removal

    //URL generation
    apiUrl = host + "?" + queryString + "&signature=" + signature;
        //For debugging
        System.out.println(queryString + "&signature=" + signature);

In apiURL,


It should come in, so copy this and try accessing it with a terminal etc.

curl -s 'http://<yourCloudStackHost>/client/api?apikey=<yourApiKey>&command=listZones&response=json&signature=<yourSignature>' | jq -C

Response result

  "listzonesresponse": {
    "count": 3,
    "zone": [
        "id": "e8ebfccb-eb38-43ed-8abf-XXXX",
        "name": "weber",
        "networktype": "Advanced",
        "securitygroupsenabled": false,
        "allocationstate": "Enabled",
        "zonetoken": "42101a12-6299-32c7-a324-XXXX",
        "dhcpprovider": "VirtualRouter",
        "localstorageenabled": true,
        "tags": []
        "id": "95c8746d-57b3-421f-9375-XXXX",
        "name": "lux",
        "networktype": "Advanced",
        "securitygroupsenabled": false,
        "allocationstate": "Enabled",
        "zonetoken": "de9e9a4f-696d-39f4-bb3e-XXXX",
        "dhcpprovider": "VirtualRouter",
        "localstorageenabled": true,
        "tags": []
        "id": "f4583787-7bff-461a-b026-XXXX",
        "name": "farad",
        "networktype": "Advanced",
        "securitygroupsenabled": false,
        "allocationstate": "Enabled",
        "zonetoken": "a53d8e78-3c77-3352-8a04-XXXX",
        "dhcpprovider": "VirtualRouter",
        "localstorageenabled": true,
        "tags": []

Response result when signature etc. is incorrect

  "listzonesresponse": {
    "errorcode": 401,
    "errortext": "unable to verify user credentials and/or request signature"

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