I'm using Java 8 in my project.
I am coding in Java that involves monetary calculation, and the value displayed on the screen is
I encountered an event that deviated slightly like this. I'm ashamed to say that I wrote the logic to calculate the (?) Amount properly for the first time, so I proceeded while investigating the reason why this happened.
In the first stage of processing such as multiplying the amount by a percentage
//Percentages and amounts obtained from some model double d = 0.3; BigDecimal bd = new BigDecimal("1000"); //Calculation BigDecimal bd2 = bd.multiply(new BigDecimal(d)); System.out.println(bd2); // 299.999999999999988897769753748434595763683319091796875000
You were creating a BigDecimal instance by passing the double argument to the constructor. As a result of getting it from DB, the model field used in Servive class was defined as double type.
Although it is defined in decimal in the code, it is handled in binary internally, so Values that are recurring decimals in binary (for example, double 0.3) will be rounded, that is, an error will occur.
double d = 3.3 / 1.1 //I want you to be 3 but 2.9999999999999996
I read the reference for the time being. https://docs.oracle.com/javase/jp/8/docs/api/java/math/BigDecimal.html
- add - subtract - multiply - divide Perform four arithmetic operations using methods such as. Specify rounding / rounding / rounding in Rounding Mode. The logic this time wasn't that complicated, so I didn't use complicated methods.
//Instantiation every time, inefficient BigDecimal b1 = new BigDecimal(10); //No good //Use cache valueOf() BigDecimal b2 = BigDecimal.valueOf(10); //good //∵ An error will occur if the binary number is a recurring decimal. BigDecimal b3 = new BigDecimal(0.3); //No good //Generate from a string BigDecimal b4 = new BigDecimal("0.3"); //good //When you want to convert the value of double to BigDecimal BigDecimal b5 = BigDecimal.valueOf(0.3); //(If possible, I don't want to implement this conversion)
--BigDecimal # ROUND_xxxx series is Deprecated in Java 9 or later. Let's use RoundingMode (Java 8 is used in the current project, but I will be aware of that in anticipation of version upgrade).
BigDecimal three = BigDecimal.valueOf(3); BigDecimal five = BigDecimal.valueOf(5); int hoge = three.compareTo(five); // -1 int piyo = three.compareTo(three); // 0 int fuga = five.compareTo(three); // 1