[Rails] How to use select boxes in Ransack

Introduction

In Ransack, I will summarize how to use the select box.

About select

First, I will explain the select helper for creating select boxes.

Basic type

select(object,Property name,Element information,option,Element attribute)

Implementation example

<%= f.select :name, [['sample1', 1], ['sample2', 2], ['sample3', 3]],
 {include_blank: 'No selection'}, class: 'sample' %>

(Assuming that it is in form_for, it does not contain an object.) In this way, if you put an array in the third argument, value 1 or 2 will be sent as a parameter.

Useful helper

There is also a useful helper to further customize the select box.

options_for_select If you want to set the select box initial value, use  Ľoptions_for_select`.

Uninflected word

options_for_select(Array/hash,option)

Implementation example

<%= f.select :name, options_for_select({sample1: 1, sample2: 2, sample3: 3}, 1),
 include_blank: true %>

Since "1" is included in the second argument of options_for_select, `1 is displayed as the default value. ``

options_from_collection_for_select

When you want to create choices from a model, it is convenient to use  Ľoptions_from_collection_for_select`.

Uninflected word

options_from_collection_for_select(Array of objects,value attribute,text item,option])

Implementation example

<%= f.select :name, options_from_collection_for_select(User.all, :id, :name , 1) %>

Now you can automatically make the name in the User model a select box.

How to use with Ransack

Use  Ľoptions_from_collection_for_select` as an example.

Implementation example

<%= search_form_for(@q, url: users_path, local: true) do |f| %>

  <%= f.select :name_eq, options_from_collection_for_select(User.all, :id, :name , 1) %>

  <%= f.button 'Search for' %>

<% end %>

By doing the above, you can search by using the name in the User model as a select box. In addition, the initial value is set as an option.

The _eq part of name_eq is called the matcher and you can search for equal values.

About Matcher

There are also the following matchers.

matcher meaning
_eq equal
noteq Not equal
_cont Including value(LIKE)
_iteq Less than
_gteq that's all

For more information, see the "Search Matchers" section of here.

reference

https://railsguides.jp/form_helpers.html https://shinmedia20.com/rails-select-box

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