[RAILS] Try to imitate marshmallows with MiniMagick


When sharing an article without an image of Qiita or Hatena Blog, I saw that an OGP image with a title came out, and I always wanted to imitate it. It was. When I saw the comment on Marshmallow as an image and attached to the tweet of my reply, I was impressed that it was good, and I wanted to imitate it, so I made it.


Sample application

The sample application is a simple one that allows users to post their favorite sentences. (Basically it's rails g scaffold post body: string.) I've done a lot to add an image to the tweets that share the post.

Source https://github.com/ken1flan/minimagick_ogp

heroku https://minimagick-ogp.herokuapp.com/posts


Tweet button

I think there are two ways to share information using images on twitter.

--Tweet with an image attached --OGP preview of links

I thought that attaching the previous image was easy when tweeting normally, but I found that the common tweet button was just that it was not easy to attach an image, so I used OGP I decided to use the method.


  <%= render 'common/twitter_share_button', url: post_url(@post), message: 'Thank you!' %>


<a href="https://twitter.com/share?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw" class="twitter-share-button" data-text="<%= message %>" data-url="<%= url %>" data-show-count="false">Tweet</a>
<script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script>

Aspect ratio of Twitter card and image

You can choose the preview shape by setting twitter: card in the meta tag of the page to be shared. This makes it better to change the aspect ratio of the OGP image. Even if you combine images with embedded text, it will not be transmitted if it is cut off.

Here, I set summary_large_image to make the image larger, and set the size of the image to be combined to 640x315.

Sample uses meta-tags.


  set_meta_tags title: "post##{@post.id}", og: { title: "post##{@post.id}", description: @post.body, image: "#{request.base_url}/#{@post.image_path}" }, twitter: { card: 'summary_large_image' }


Since we are writing text to the image, we need the font at that time. You will inevitably distribute it, so you have to find the one provided by the license that you can distribute what you wrote in the image. The sample uses the IPAex font.

I put this in app/assets/fonts.

Class for image composition

I named it Post :: Image because it is a composite of images for postPost.


class Post::Image
  # (abridgement)
  attr_reader :post

  def initialize(post)
    @post = post
  # (abridgement)

If you set this to image_path from Post, you can get the path of the composited image.


class Post < ApplicationRecord
  delegate :path, to: :image, prefix: true

  def image
    @image ||= Post::Image.new(self)

Text formatting

Text drawing with MiniMagick does not have functions such as line breaks at specified positions, so you need to format it yourself.

Since the size of the image is finite, decide the number of characters per line that can be displayed and the number of lines, and format the text accordingly.


class Post::Image
  # (abridgement)
  MAX_ROWS = 5
  COLS = 20
  ROWS = 10
  OMMIT_MESSAGE = '… (Please omit it.)'
  # (abridgement)
  def formated_body
    lines = post.body.lines.map { |line| line.scan(/.{1,#{COLS}}/) }.flatten
    lines = lines[0, MAX_ROWS - 1].push(OMMIT_MESSAGE) if lines.size > MAX_ROWS
  # (abridgement)


I open the image and draw the formatted text.


class Post::Image
  FRAME_IMAGE_PATH = Rails.root.join('app/assets/images/flame.png')
  FONT_PATH = Rails.root.join('app/assets/fonts/ipaexg00401/ipaexg.ttf')
  FONT_SIZE = 25
  COLOR_CODE = '#252828'
  START_X = 65
  START_Y = 60
  # (abridgement)
  def image
    image = MiniMagick::Image.open(FRAME_IMAGE_PATH) #Open the frame image
    image.combine_options do |c|
      c.gravity 'northwest'                 #From top left
      c.pointsize FONT_SIZE                 #With the specified font size
      c.font FONT_PATH                      #With the specified font
      c.interline_spacing INTERLINE_SPACING #With the space between the specified lines
      c.stroke COLOR_CODE                   #In the specified color
      c.annotate "+#{START_X}+#{START_Y},0", formated_body #Draws the formatted text from the specified position
  # (abridgement)

Reset Tweet Preview

I think there are times when you don't like the image you made. However, it seems that it is related to optimization, but sometimes the preview is cached and changes are not reflected. At that time, if you look at the preview with the card validator, it will be retaken.


Try it

When using OGP, the bottleneck is that the content to be shared must have a URL in the first place. I want to divide the content neatly on a regular basis.

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