How to write and explain Dockerfile, docker-compose


It was created by myself as a docker beginner for docker beginners as well. I wrote this article by excerpting terms commonly used in Dockerfile and docker-compose. I hope it will be helpful to everyone. ✊

Target person

--Docker, docker-compose Beginners --For those who have forgotten how to write the file

What is Dockerfile

Dockerfile is a text file that takes instructions and builds an image automatically. You can create the image as you like by writing her own Dockerfile without pulling.

Dockerfile Commonly used instruction explanation (with example)

FROM Specify Docker image (create it without permission even if there is no image locally)

FROM python:3.7

ENV Set environment variables (key, value)


RUN Run the shell before creating the image

RUN mkdir /code

CMD Run the shell after creating the image, run only the last one even if you use more than one

CMD python3

WORKDIR Specifies the directory where the docker container starts commands

WORKDIR /usr/share/nginx/html

COPY Copy files from host to Docker image, not decompressed for compressed files

# /~/Absolute path if enclosed in, relative path of WORKDIR if not
COPY index.html index.html

ADD Copy files from host to Docker image, decompress for compressed files

# /~/Absolute path if enclosed in, relative path of WORKDIR if not
ADD requirements.txt /code/

VOLUME Specify the directory to mount the data on the host side

VOLUME /code

What is docker-compose?

docker-compose is a tool for Docker applications that use YAML files to define and run multiple containers.

docker-compose commentary (with example)


version: '3'

        image: postgres
        container_name: docker_compose_postgres
            - "5555"
          - POSTGRES_DB=postgres
          - POSTGRES_USER=postgres
          - POSTGRES_PASSWORD=postgres
          - docker_link

        build: .
        command: python3 runserver
            - .:/code
            - "8000:8000"
            - db
            - docker_link


--version: version of docker-compose --service: Running application --image: Docker image specification --container_name: container name --ports: You can specify not only both host side and container side ports but also public port only. --environment: Add environment variables --build: Specify the directory where Dockerfile exists --command: Override the default command --volumes: Specify the directory to mount the host directory --depends_on: Specify dependencies between services --network: Specify which network to connect to --networks: Specifying networks

Referenced site

-Dockerfile Reference

-Docker-compose overview -Compose File Reference

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