[Rails] Add Tags that are related to has_many to Devise User (addition of function to follow tags)

Introduction

By adding Tags that are related to has_many to User of Devise, we will create a function to follow tags like Qiita.

environment

Overview

Devise does not have a username column by default. And there is a lot of information on the net about how to add a username column. However, to create the ability to follow tags, you need to add Tags, which is a has_many relationship, and there isn't much information about this. Therefore, I summarized the method.

code

You can download the Rails project here. https://github.com/GuiltyWorks/DeviseWithTags

bin/rails g migration add_name_to_users name:string bin/rails g model tag bin/rails g model user_tag_relation Create a migration file, Tag model and UserTagRelation model that add name to User.

db/migrate/20200716151945_add_name_to_users.rb


class AddNameToUsers < ActiveRecord::Migration[5.2]
  def change
    add_column :users, :name, :string
  end
end

It's not necessary, but I'll add a username column because it's a big deal.

db/migrate/20200716152422_create_tags.rb


class CreateTags < ActiveRecord::Migration[5.2]
  def change
    create_table :tags do |t|
      t.string :name, null: false, unique: true

      t.timestamps
    end
  end
end

Create a tag table like the one above.

db/migrate/20200716152440_create_user_tag_relations.rb


class CreateUserTagRelations < ActiveRecord::Migration[5.2]
  def change
    create_table :user_tag_relations do |t|
      t.references :user, foreign_key: true
      t.references :tag, foreign_key: true

      t.timestamps
    end
  end
end

Create an intermediate table that associates users with tags.

app/models/user.rb


class User < ApplicationRecord
  # Include default devise modules. Others available are:
  # :confirmable, :lockable, :timeoutable, :trackable and :omniauthable
  devise :database_authenticatable, :registerable,
         :recoverable, :rememberable, :validatable

  validates :name, { presence: true }
  validates :email, { presence: true, uniqueness: true }

  has_many :user_tag_relations, dependent: :delete_all
  has_many :tags, through: :user_tag_relations
end

Describe has_many in the User model.

app/models/user_tag_relation.rb


class UserTagRelation < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :user
  belongs_to :tag
end

Describe belongs_to in the UserTagRelation model.

app/models/tag.rb


class Tag < ApplicationRecord
  validates :name, { presence: true, uniqueness: true }

  has_many :user_tag_relations, dependent: :delete_all
  has_many :users, through: :user_tag_relations
end

Describe has_many in the Tag model.

app/controllers/application_controller.rb


class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
  before_action :configure_permitted_parameters, if: :devise_controller?

  protected

  def configure_permitted_parameters
    devise_parameter_sanitizer.permit(:sign_up, keys: [:name])
    devise_parameter_sanitizer.permit(:sign_in, keys: [:name])
    devise_parameter_sanitizer.permit(:account_update, keys: [:name, tag_ids: []])
  end
end

Register name and tag_ids in Devise.

config/initializers/devise.rb


config.scoped_views = true

Set it to true instead of false to change the Devise view.

ERB:app/views/devise/registrations/new.html.erb


<div class="field">
  <%= f.label :name %>
  <%= f.text_field :name %>
</div>

Allows you to set a user name on the new registration screen.

ERB:app/views/devise/registrations/edit.html.erb


<div class="field">
  <%= f.label :name %>
  <%= f.text_field :name %>
</div>

<div class="field">
  <%= f.label :tag_ids, "Tags you want follow" %>
  <%= f.collection_check_boxes :tag_ids, Tag.all, :id, :name do |tag| %>
    <div class="form-check">
      <%= tag.label class: "form-check-label" do %>
        <%= tag.check_box class: "form-check-input" %>
        <%= tag.text %>
      <% end %>
    </div>
  <% end %>
</div>

Allows you to set a username and a tag to follow on the user settings screen.

Execution result

DeviseWithTags.jpg

You can now follow tags in your favorite programming language on the user settings screen.

References

[* Rails *] How to use devise (rails5 version)

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