・ Ruby 2.6.6 ・ Rails 18.104.22.168
When creating an app with a posting function, the pagination function is also essential for UX. Therefore, we will implement the pagination function using Kaminari of gem.
First add kaminari to your Gemfile and run bundle install
gem 'kaminari', '~> 1.2.0'
If you have already created a post feature and have a post list page, you need to modify the Controller. The Controller in the original post list page is as follows.
def index @posts = Post.all end
Change these as follows.
def index @posts = Post.page(params[:page]).per(10) end
With the addition of Kaminari, you can use the methods page and per on each model. Pass the current number of pages in the argument of the page method, and pass the number of pages to divide in the argument of per. Here, 10 is entered in the argument of per, but if you want to separate pages by 8 items, set the argument to 8.
When displaying the post list page, I think that it is common to use each statement, but it is used in ruby Add <% = pagenate @posts%> after <% end%>. When using haml, it seems good to write = paginate @posts at the end of list. For details, there are people who write articles using haml, so please refer to that.
<% @posts.each do |post| %> . . . <% end %> <%= pagebate @posts %>
If there are no mistakes so far, the pagination link will be displayed automatically and the pagination function can be implemented. However, I don't think the design is easy to see. Therefore, use Bootstrap to arrange the design. If you have already installed Bootstrap, skip the next step.
There are two ways to install Bootstrap, such as installing using yarn and downloading from the official Bootstrap website, but this time we will explain using the CDN method. If you are worried about the explanation here, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YY0mEyggH1E&t=713s There is a video that explains how to install it, so please have a look there.
There are two steps to take. The first is to write the code on the official website at the end of the head tag.
<head> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-JcKb8q3iqJ61gNV9KGb8thSsNjpSL0n8PARn9HuZOnIxN0hoP+VmmDGMN5t9UJ0Z" crossorigin="anonymous"> </head>
The second is to write the code on the official website at the end of the body tag
<body> <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-DfXdz2htPH0lsSSs5nCTpuj/zy4C+OGpamoFVy38MVBnE+IbbVYUew+OrCXaRkfj" crossorigin="anonymous"></script> <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-9/reFTGAW83EW2RDu2S0VKaIzap3H66lZH81PoYlFhbGU+6BZp6G7niu735Sk7lN" crossorigin="anonymous"></script> <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-B4gt1jrGC7Jh4AgTPSdUtOBvfO8shuf57BaghqFfPlYxofvL8/KUEfYiJOMMV+rV" crossorigin="anonymous"></script> </body>
This completes the installation.
kaminari has themes that can be used in Bootstrap and foundation. If you execute the following code in the terminal, a View template for Bootstrap 4 will be generated under "app / views / kaminari". This View takes precedence over the kaminari default View.
rails g kaminari:views bootstrap4
When completed so far, the design will look good. If that doesn't work, try restarting the server.
Also, if you don't like the English notation, you can use the Japanese notation. Add "config / locales / kaminari_ja.yml" and write as follows.
ja: views: pagination: first: 'the first' last: 'last' previous: 'Before' next: 'Next' truncate: '...'
If Japanese is not applied so far, add config.i18n.default_locale =: ja in "config / application.rb". Overall, it looks like this:
require_relative 'boot' require 'rails/all' # Require the gems listed in Gemfile, including any gems # you've limited to :test, :development, or :production. Bundler.require(*Rails.groups) module Theclo class Application < Rails::Application # Initialize configuration defaults for originally generated Rails version. config.load_defaults 5.2 # Settings in config/environments/* take precedence over those specified here. # Application configuration can go into files in config/initializers # -- all .rb files in that directory are automatically loaded after loading # the framework and any gems in your application. config.i18n.default_locale = :ja config.time_zone = 'Tokyo' end end
This completes the implementation. If that doesn't work, try restarting the server again. I hope it will be helpful to everyone.