[JAVA] What I did in the migration from Spring Boot 1.4 series to 2.0 series


Last time has upgraded from Spring Boot 1.5 to Spring Boot 2.0. This time, in another project, I will write about what I was addicted to when I raised it from 1.4 to 2.0.

The main difficulty this time was

--It took a long time to isolate whether the cause of the problem was the 1.4-> 1.5 part or the 1.5-> 2.0 part. --Thymeleaf has a big influence, so testing is difficult --Around serialization / deserialization in Spring Session --Countermeasures for production deployment

It is around.

Increase Spring Boot version

Updated version of spring-boot-starter-parent

Specify the Spring Boot version in pom.xml.


    <relativePath />

Removed Hikari PC dependencies

I was originally using HikariPC, so I will remove it from the dependencies.



Compile and crush errors

SpringBootServletInitializer not found


The package of SpringBootServletInitializer has changed, so reimport it.

Missing org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.


The package has changed to ʻorg.springframework.boot.web.servlet.`, so reimport it

DataSourceBuilder not found


The package has changed, so reimport it

Deprecation of WebMvcConfigurerAdapter

Change ʻextends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter to ʻimplements WebMvcConfigurer

Deprecate @EnableWebMvcSecurity

Change to @EnableWebSecurity.


org.apache.velocity.app not found


Migrate from velocity to mustache.


-    <dependency>
-	<groupId>org.apache.velocity</groupId>
-	<artifactId>velocity</artifactId>
-    </dependency>
+    <dependency>
+      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
+      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-mustache</artifactId>
+    </dependency>

Replace velocity template file * .vm with mustache template file * .mustache.

According to the mustache template format


Replace everything like this

You can replace them all at once with shell, but if you do it with IntelliJ refactoring, the calling code will also be found and told, so if the number is small, IntelliJ refactoring may be good.

org.json not found


Add the following dependency



Re-import with the following package org.springframework.boot.configurationprocessor.json.JSONObject

Error in SpringApplication.run


The argument of SpringApplication.run has been changed

Modified as follows

        public static void main(String[] args) {
-               Object[] objects = { HogeApplication.class, FugaService.class };
-               SpringApplication.run(objects, args);
+               final SpringApplication application = new SpringApplication(HogeApplication.class, FugaService.class);
+               application.run(args);

In addition, inherit the following class


Correspondence around JPA method change


I will fix it silently


AutoConfigureTestDatabase not found


import org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.orm.jpa.AutoConfigureTestDatabase; From import org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.jdbc.AutoConfigureTestDatabase; Change package to

Thymeleaf migration


Replace th: substitute by with th: replace

Mechanically like this

find src/main/resources -type f -name "*.html" -print | xargs sed -i  -e 's/th:substituteby/th:replace/g'

Removed type = "text / css" for reading css in link tag

Mechanically like this

find src/main/resources -type f -name "*.html" -print | xargs sed -i  -e '[email protected]=\"text/css\"@@g'

Delete inline = "text" / inline = "inline"

While looking at the contents, delete it.

Thymeleaf in Script tag is not expanded

Such a guy

<script>(window.dataLayer || (window.dataLayer = [])).push(<span th:remove="tag" th:utext="${hoge}"/>)</script>

Fix it like this

<script type="text/javascript" th:inline="javascript">/*<![CDATA[*/
     (window.dataLayer || (window.dataLayer = [])).push(/*[(${hoge})]*/)


In Spring Boot, if @EnableWebMvc is attached, delete it


Error when @SessionScope cannot be referenced when executing SpringSecurity ʻonAuthenticationSuccess Error creating bean with name 'user': Scope 'session' is not active for the current thread;`

Create the following config file


package jp.hoge;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestContextListener;

import javax.servlet.annotation.WebListener;

public class WebRequestContextListener extends RequestContextListener {

Error in Hibernate SaveAndFlush method

java.sql.SQLSyntaxErrorException: Table 'hoge.hibernate_sequence' doesn't exist
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:536)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:513)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.exceptions.SQLExceptionsMapping.translateException(SQLExceptionsMapping.java:115)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.execSQL(ConnectionImpl.java:1983)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeInternal(PreparedStatement.java:1826)
	at com.mysql.cj.jdbc.PreparedStatement.executeQuery(PreparedStatement.java:1923)
	at com.zaxxer.hikari.pool.ProxyPreparedStatement.executeQuery(ProxyPreparedStatement.java:52)

Change GenerationType

-    @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
+    @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.IDENTITY)

Hibernate error during execution

org.springframework.dao.InvalidDataAccessResourceUsageException: error performing isolated work; SQL [n/a]; nested exception is org.hibernate.exception.SQLGrammarException: error performing
 isolated work
        at org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaDialect.convertHibernateAccessException(HibernateJpaDialect.java:242)
        at org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaDialect.translateExceptionIfPossible(HibernateJpaDialect.java:225)
        at org.springframework.orm.jpa.AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.translateExceptionIfPossible(AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:527)
        at org.springframework.dao.support.ChainedPersistenceExceptionTranslator.translateExceptionIfPossible(ChainedPersistenceExceptionTranslator.java:61)
        at org.springframework.dao.support.DataAccessUtils.translateIfNecessary(DataAccessUtils.java:242)
        at org.springframework.dao.support.PersistenceExceptionTranslationInterceptor.invoke(PersistenceExceptionTranslationInterceptor.java:153)
        at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:185)
        at org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.support.CrudMethodMetadataPostProcessor$CrudMethodMetadataPopulatingMethodInterceptor.invoke(CrudMethodMetadataPostProcessor.java:135)
        at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:185)
        at org.springframework.aop.interceptor.ExposeInvocationInterceptor.invoke(ExposeInvocationInterceptor.java:92)
        at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:185)
        at org.springframework.data.repository.core.support.SurroundingTransactionDetectorMethodInterceptor.invoke(SurroundingTransactionDetectorMethodInterceptor.java:61)
        at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:185)
        at org.springframework.aop.framework.JdkDynamicAopProxy.invoke(JdkDynamicAopProxy.java:212)
        at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy127.save(Unknown Source)
        at jp.hoge.service.FugaService.execute(FugaService.java:218)
        at jp.hoge.controller.FugaController.execute(FugaController.java:101)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)

Hibernate's Generator mappings have changed.

Corrected by adding the following settings to application.properties



After deploying to STG etc.

Profile loading error

<SpringProfile> in logback-spring.xml fails to load the profile correctly For executableJar, you can define it as -Dspring-boot.run.profiles = environment name.

In this project, we will deploy war on tomcat, so Define it in ʻapplication.properties like spring-boot.run.profiles = environment name`.

Actually, since the profile is divided when the war file is generated in pom.xml, it is defined as follows.





Profile at build time

mvn package -Pstg

With that feeling, it is embedded in ʻapplication.properties`.

After logging in via Spring Security, all member variables of the User object after getting Session are null.

NullPointerExepotion occurs when trying to access a member variable of User However, even if you look at the contents of Redis, you can not read it because it is serialized ...

Once, create a Serializer that converts to JSON and registers it in Redis like the following


@ConditionalOnProperty(name = "spring.session.store-type", havingValue = "redis", matchIfMissing = false)
@EnableRedisHttpSession(maxInactiveIntervalInSeconds = 20 * 24 * 60 * 60) //default=1800 -> 20days
public class HttpSessionConfig implements BeanClassLoaderAware {

   private LettuceConnectionFactory lettuceConnectionFactory;

   private ClassLoader classLoader;

   public RedisSerializer<Object> springSessionDefaultRedisSerializer() {
	final ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper()
			.setVisibility(PropertyAccessor.FIELD, JsonAutoDetect.Visibility.ANY);
	return new GenericJackson2JsonRedisSerializer(mapper);

      //For Elasticache
      public static ConfigureRedisAction configureRedisAction() {
          return ConfigureRedisAction.NO_OP;

	public void setBeanClassLoader(final ClassLoader classLoader) {
		this.classLoader = classLoader;

Then, when transitioning to Controller after login is completed, it was set in Redis with all fields null.

After logging in, the Controller determines whether ʻid in the ʻUser object is null, and if it is null, repacks it. After logging in, I can handle the session without any problems.

Actually I wanted to be able to have session information in JSON format, but since the structure of the User class was a complicated nested structure, I gave up due to time constraints ... Too much information in the User class ...

Correspondence at the time of production deployment

It seems that the SerialVersionUID handled by serialization / deserialization has changed internally with the version upgrade of SpringSession, so when deploying the upgraded code, users who are already logged in cannot deserialize the session information and get stuck.

So, put in the correspondence when deserializing.


The article is a little old and the dependent libraries have changed, so I changed it as follows.


- public class HttpSessionConfig {
+ public class HttpSessionConfig extends RedisHttpSessionConfiguration {

+	@Autowired
+	RedisTemplate<Object, Object> redisTemplate;
+ 	@Bean
+	@Override
+	public <S extends Session> SessionRepositoryFilter<? extends Session> springSessionRepositoryFilter(SessionRepository<S> sessionRepository) {
+		return super.springSessionRepositoryFilter(new SafeDeserializationRepository<>(sessionRepository, redisTemplate));
+	}


public class SafeDeserializationRepository<S extends Session> implements SessionRepository<S> {
    private final SessionRepository<S> delegate;
    private final RedisTemplate<Object, Object> redisTemplate;
     private static final String BOUNDED_HASH_KEY_PREFIX = "spring:session:sessions:";
     public SafeDeserializationRepository(SessionRepository<S> delegate,
            RedisTemplate<Object, Object> redisTemplate) {
        this.delegate = delegate;
        this.redisTemplate = redisTemplate;
    public S createSession() {
        return delegate.createSession();
    public void save(S session) {
    public S findById(String id) {
        try {
            return delegate.findById(id);
        } catch(SerializationException e) {
            log.info("Deleting non-deserializable session with key {}", id);
            redisTemplate.delete(BOUNDED_HASH_KEY_PREFIX + id);
            return null;
    public void deleteById(String id) {

This will allow existing users to log out once, re-login to save new Session data in Redis, and then refer to it.


In general, the above support has made it work in a production environment. (I think there are others)

Also, originally, Tomcat should be 8.5 series or higher, but 8.0 seems to be no problem, so I forgot to upgrade Tomcat.

If you skip some major versions of SpringBoot, it will be very difficult, so let's upgrade frequently ...! !!

Reference page

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