[Rails] How to define macros in Rspec and standardize processing


Make login processing common.

Development environment

・ Ruby: 2.5.7 Rails: 5.2.4 ・ Rspec-rails: 4.0.1 ・ Vagrant: 2.2.7 -VirtualBox: 6.1 ・ OS: macOS Catalina


1. Create a support directory

$ mkdir support

2. Create and edit a file in the support directory

$ touch spec/support/login_macros.rb


module LoginMacros
  def login(user)
    fill_in 'mail address', with: user.email
    fill_in 'password', with: user.password
    click_button 'Login'

3. Edit rails_helper.rb


#Comment out line 23
Dir[Rails.root.join('spec', 'support', '**', '*.rb')].sort.each { |f| require f }

RSpec.configure do |config|
  config.include LoginMacros #Postscript


① Read the support directory.

Dir[Rails.root.join('spec', 'support', '**', '*.rb')].sort.each { |f| require f }

(2) Enable the module defined in 2 to be used.

config.include LoginMacros

4. Use the method

require 'rails_helper'

RSpec.describe 'Authentication test', type: :feature do
  let(:user) { create(:user) }
  subject { page }

  describe 'User authentication test' do
    context 'User login test' do
      it 'Being able to log in' do
        visit new_user_session_path
        login(user) #Use method
        is_expected.to have_content 'Log out'

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