Create Laravel environment with Docker (docker-compose)

at first

Refer to the one that was originally made (Paku)

Created like this

-Created with the image of php7.4 / mysql8 / nginx1.19 ・ Created with the project name sampleproject ・ Confirm with Docker Desktop for Windows

Folder structure

 ├ docker-compose.yml
 ├ docker
 │  ├ php
 │  │  ├ php.ini
 │  │  └ Dockerfile
 │  └ nginx
 │    └ default.conf
 └ server

Contents of each file


version: '3'

    container_name: laravel_php
    build: ./docker/php
    - ./server:/var/www

    image: nginx:1.19
    container_name: laravel_nginx
    - 80:80
    - ./server:/var/www
    - ./docker/nginx/default.conf:/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
    - laravel_php

    image: mysql:8.0
    container_name: laravel_db
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: rootpass
      MYSQL_DATABASE: sampleproject
      MYSQL_USER: dbuser
      MYSQL_PASSWORD: dbpass
      TZ: 'Asia/Tokyo'
    command: mysqld --character-set-server=utf8mb4 --collation-server=utf8mb4_unicode_ci
    - ./docker/db/data:/var/lib/mysql
    - ./docker/db/my.cnf:/etc/mysql/conf.d/my.cnf
    - ./docker/db/sql:/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d
    - 3306:3306


date.timezone = "Asia/Tokyo"
mbstring.internal_encoding = "UTF-8"
mbstring.language = "Japanese"


FROM php:7.4-fpm
COPY php.ini /usr/local/etc/php/

RUN apt-get update && apt-get -y upgrade
RUN apt-get install -y zlib1g-dev && apt-get install -y libzip-dev
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo_mysql zip

COPY --from=composer /usr/bin/composer /usr/bin/composer
ENV PATH $PATH:/composer/vendor/bin

WORKDIR /var/www

RUN composer global require "laravel/installer"


server {
    index index.php index.html;
    server_name localhost;
    root /var/www/sampleproject/public;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        fastcgi_pass laravel_php:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;

Execution command

1. 1. Container construction

docker-compose up -d

2. 2. Laravel project creation

docker exec -ti laravel_php bash

In the container (version 6 creation command)

composer create-project "laravel/laravel=6.*" sampleproject

After creating the project (inside the container)

cd sampleproject
chmod -R 777 storage
chmod -R 777 bootstrap/cache
php artisan serve

3. 3. DB related

Edit .env (under project folder)



Connection confirmation

php argisan migrate

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