I tried the Java framework "Quarkus"


There are more opportunities to run applications on Docker containers. Startup time is important when operating in a container. When running Java, it runs on the JVM, but it takes some time to start this JVM.

Quarkus introduced this time is a framework that realizes fast startup by creating a binary for native using GraalVM.

Execution environment


--Java 8 and above --Maven 3.5.3 and above

GraalVM setup

From here graalvm-ce-1.0.0-rc13-macos-amd64.tar.gz Please download (as of March 12, 2019).

Unzip it and put the whole folder in / Library / Java / JavaVirtualMachines.

Set the GraalVM environment variable (GRAALVM_HOME).



Create a project

$ mvn io.quarkus:quarkus-maven-plugin:0.11.0:create \
    -DprojectGroupId=jp.acme \
    -DprojectArtifactId=getting-started \
    -DclassName="org.acme.quickstart.GreetingResource" \

Executing the above command will create a Maven project as shown below.


Application launch

#Start in development mode
$ mvn compile quarkus:dev

Hot reload can be achieved by booting in development mode. Check the operation with the following command.

$ curl http://localhost:8080/hello

Build (native binary generation)

$ mvn package -Pnative -Dnative-image.docker-build=true
option Contents
-Pnative Specify when generating a natively executable binary
-Dnative-image.docker-build=true Specify when generating a native binary that matches the OS on Docker

Since we want to start it on Docker this time, also specify `` -Dnative-image.docker-build = true```.

It will take some time to build, probably because it generates native binaries.

Docker build

$ docker build -f src/main/docker/Dockerfile -t <Image name> .

Start Docker container

$ docker run -i --rm -p 8080:8080 <Image name>
2019-03-12 01:29:01,328 INFO  [io.quarkus](main) Quarkus 0.11.0 started in 0.004s. Listening on:
2019-03-12 01:29:01,328 INFO  [io.quarkus](main) Installed features: [cdi, resteasy]

What you should pay attention to here is the startup time. If you check the log after startup, it says `Quarkus 0.11.0 started in 0.004s`. In other words, you can see that it started in 0.004 seconds. It is early.

in conclusion

By using Quarkus, the application on the container starts up overwhelmingly faster. Quarkus itself has just come out, so I think it will be difficult to put it to practical use in production, but as development progresses and more information is available, I think there will be more opportunities for it to become practical. I'm looking forward to it in the future.

You can also add extensions to Quarkus. For example, the default is JavaEE standard CDI, but Spring-based CDI can be used. We will share information while investigating this area as well.


-QUARKUS (head family site) -Quarkus: Introducing a new method to launch Java apps at high speed on a container

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