I tried running Ansible on a Docker container


I had the opportunity to use Ansible in the field, so I tried running Ansible on the Docker container for studying.


People who want to actually move Ansible

What is Ansible?

Ansible is a tool that automates various setting tasks such as system configuration and software deployment. A variety of processing is realized by describing a task in a YAML-formatted text file called Playbook and executing it with Ansible. The following two points can be mentioned as merits.

What I tried

File structure

├── ansible
│   └── install_git.yml
├── docker
│   ├── ansible
│   │   └── Dockerfile
│   └── target
│       └── Dockerfile
└── docker-compose.yml

File description

docker/ansible/Dockerfile Ansible and ssh settings

FROM centos:8

RUN yum update -y \
 && yum install -y epel-release \
 && yum install -y ansible \
 && yum -y install openssh-clients \
 && echo "target" >> /etc/ansible/hosts

docker/target/Dockerfile Set ssh and start sshd so that you can ssh from Ansible server

FROM centos:8

RUN yum -y update \
  && yum -y install openssh-server \
  && sed -ri 's/^#PermitRootLogin yes/PermitRootLogin yes/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config \
  && sed -ri 's/^UsePAM yes/UsePAM no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config \
  && ssh-keygen -f /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key -N '' -t rsa \
  && ssh-keygen -f /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key -N '' -t ecdsa \
  && sed -ri 's/^#PermitEmptyPasswords no/PermitEmptyPasswords yes/' /etc/ssh/sshd_config \
  && echo "root:" | chpasswd

#Start sshd
CMD ["/usr/sbin/sshd", "-D"]


Start Ansible container and target container

version: "3"
    tty: true
      context: .
      dockerfile: ./docker/ansible/Dockerfile
      - ./ansible:/opt/ansible
    tty: true
      context: .
      dockerfile: ./docker/target/Dockerfile

ansible/install_git.yml Playbook file, git is installed

- hosts: target
    - name: install git
      yum: name=git state=latest


  1. Start container
  2. Log in to the ansible server and run the playbook
  3. Make sure git is installed in the target container

1. Start container

#Container startup
~ % docker-compose up -d
Starting ansible_ansible_1 ... done
Starting ansible_target_1  ... done

2. Log in to the ansible server and run the playbook

#Show container
~ % docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE             COMMAND               CREATED             STATUS          PORTS     NAMES
28f39d3e82f0   ansible_ansible   "/bin/bash"           About an hour ago   Up 13 seconds             ansible_ansible_1
362d7471778f   ansible_target    "/usr/sbin/sshd -D"   About an hour ago   Up 13 seconds             ansible_target_1

#Log in to the Ansble container
~ % docker exec -it ansible_ansible_1 bash

#playbook run
[root@28f39d3e82f0 ansible]# ansible-playbook install_git.yml

PLAY [target] ********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

TASK [Gathering Facts] ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************
The authenticity of host 'target (' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:YJSVW2y2ryrRuU0rn3I8onXAPMwS/k03uj+MNd5JqP0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no/[fingerprint])? y
Please type 'yes', 'no' or the fingerprint: yes
ok: [target]

TASK [install git] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************
changed: [target]

PLAY RECAP ***********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************
target                     : ok=2    changed=1    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0

3. Make sure git is installed in the target container

#Log in to the target container
~ % docker exec -it ansible_target_1 bash

#Check if git is installed
[root@362d7471778f /]# git --version
git version 2.27.0



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